Did a leak down test on the 273 today and took some pics on how I did it for the next guy that searches it. Please add any , corrections, advice, or tips.
1. Find Top Dead Center on Piston #1. I used a piston stop to make sure the balancer hadn't shifted.
Using a small level I made horizontal and vertical marks:
Each 1/4 turn of the crank will put the next cylinder in the firing order at top dead center. Firing Order: 1 8 4 3 6 5 7 2
Next I checked the gap (solid, non hydraulic lifters) to make sure the valves were fully closed. I could also just remove the rocker arms completely.
Then I used the piston stop on the cylinder opposite the firing order to prevent the crank from turning under the air pressure. Opposite pistons: 1:6, 2:3, 4:7, 5:8
Then Applied 100PSI to get the first reading. Number 8 cylinder is losing 20%.
Then I put the spark plugs into the neighboring cylinders to help rule out a head gasket breach between cylinders.
Next I use a piece of hose to my ear and listen to locate where the 20% of air is going to.
Carb: Intake Valve
Dip Stick (Crankcase): Past the piston rings (Normal)
Radiator: Cracked head or cylinder wall.
I wrote down all the results:
Might be time for a rebuild, what do you think?